Skip to content

Unpublished Dissertation Citation Chicago

Legal, Public and Unpublished Materials

Summary:

This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in 2017.

Contributors: Jessica Clements, Elizabeth Angeli, Karen Schiller, S. C. Gooch, Laurie Pinkert, Allen Brizee, Ryan Murphy, Vanessa Iacocca, Ryan Schnurr
Last Edited: 2018-01-17 02:30:57

General Guidelines for Public and Unpublished Materials 

Notes and bibliographic entries for public documents, like other documents, should include the elements needed to locate the items. These essential elements often include the following: 

  • Country, city, state, county 
  • Legislative body, executive department, court, bureau, board commission or committee 
  • Subsidiary divisions 
  • Title, if any, of the document or collection 
  • Individual author (editor or compiler), if given 
  • Report number or any other identification necessary or useful in finding the specific document 
  • Publisher, if different from issuing body 
Footnote or Endnote (N): 

1. Firstname Lastname, “Title of Document” (source type identifier, Place of Publication, year of publication), page number(s).

Corresponding Bibliographic Entry (B):

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Document.” Source type identifier, Place of Publication, year of publication.

Legal Materials and Government Documents 

Legal materials and other government documents should be cited using footnotes, endnotes, and/or citation sentences (with clauses including the same information required in a footnote). They are not required to be cited in a bibliography or on a references page. In Author-Date style, citation sentences alone are an acceptable form of citation. (For more information, see The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed., sections 14.269-305 and 15.58.)  

In the case of legal documents, print copies of the sources are preferred to digital, though verified digital sources are acceptable. 

Court Decisions and Cases 

Notes for court cases should include case name, number, volume number, abbreviated name(s) of reporter, and, in parenthese, the abbreviated name of the court and the date. Case names written in full are typeset in Roman, while in subsequent shortened citations the short form of the case name is italicized. Citations are assumed to refer to decisions as a whole unless a particular page is cited using “at” (see example 3 below). The CMOS offers the following note examples in section 14.276: 

  1. United States v. Christmas, 222 F.3d 141, 145 (4th Cir. 2000).

  2. Profit Sharing Plan v. Mbank Dallas, N.A., 683 F. Supp. 592 (N.D. Tex. 1988).

  3. Christmas, 222 F.3d at 145. The court also noted that under United States v. Sokolow, 490 U.S. 1, 7 (1989), police may briefly detain a person without probable cause if the officer believes criminal activity “may be afoot.” Christmas, 222 F.3d at 143; see also Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1 (1968). 

Theses and Dissertations 

Thesis and dissertation titles appear in quotation marks, not in italics, but are cited in all other ways like books. Include name, title, type of document, academic institution, and date, in that order. If the item was found online, include a URL or DOI (see guidelines for citing online sources). 

Footnote or Endnote (N): 

1. Tara Hostetler, “Bodies at War: Bacteriology and the Carrier Narratives of ‘typhoid Mary’” (master’s thesis, Florida State University, 2007), 15-16.

Corresponding Bibliographic Entry (B):

Hostetler, Tara. "Bodies at War: Bacteriology and the Carrier Narratives of ‘Typhoid Mary.’” Master’s thesis, Florida State University, 2007.

Letters and Unpublished Manuscripts 

Letters and unpublished materials that have not been archived may be cited like other unpublished material, with information on location replaced by wording such as “private collection of Trinity Overmyer” or “in the author’s possession.” The location is not mentioned.

How to Cite A Dissertation

 

1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference?

 

2) How should I cite a dissertation or thesis published by ProQuest/UMI?

 

3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA

 

1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference?

The majority of dissertations done at institutions in the United States and Canada – including CIIS – and some dissertations from institutions in other countries are published through ProQuest/UMI.

The way to tell whether the work in question is published is to search their database, called ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (Members of the CIIS community can access it through our library Web site). If you find a record for the work in question, assume that it is published unless that record lists only an abstract (i.e., there’s no full text available and/or no link to order a copy). If you do not see it listed in this database, but know it was from a school in the United States, check with a reference librarian by sending an e-mail to askref [at] ciis [dot] edu.

If the dissertation is from an institution in another country, and not listed in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, see if you can find it through one of the other dissertation links on the CIIS Library Research Resources page.


2) How should I cite a dissertation or thesis published by ProQuest/UMI?

Follow the format specified in the most recent edition of the style manual you choose; and – if it is not already required by that style – include the ProQuest/UMI publication number in the References citation. Publication numbers are akin to the standard identification numbers for books (ISBNs), and will make it easier for future researchers using your work to unambiguously identify the work you are citing.

How can you find the publication number? Search for the item in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (available via the CIIS Library website). You will find it in the citation; publication numbers usually begin with the letters AAT, with several numbers following, as in these two examples:

I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice by Crowe, Byron Dan, Ph.D., California Institute of Integral Studies, 2010, 145 pages; AAT 3411606

Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management
by Kasai, Aya, M.A., California Institute of Integral Studies, 2008, 143 pages; AAT 1451129


3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA

APA citation format for a published dissertation:

Author. (year). Title in italics (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. [number])

Crowe, B. D. (2010). I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. AAT 3411606)

APA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author. (year). Title in italics (Master's thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. [number])

Kasai, A. (2008). Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management (Master's thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. AAT 1451129)

MLA citation format for a published dissertation:

Author. Title in italics. Dissertation, School. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Crowe, Byron Dan. I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, 2010. (Publication No. AAT 3411606.)

MLA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author. Title in italics. Thesis, School. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Kasai, Aya. Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. Thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, 2008. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

Chicago citation format for a published dissertation:

Author, year. Title in italics. [Degree] dissertation, school. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Crowe, Byron Dan. 2010. I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. PhD dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI. (Publication No. AAT 3411606.)

Chicago citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author, year. Title in italics. [Degree] thesis, school. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Kasai, Aya. 2008. Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. MA thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

AAA citation format for a published dissertation:

Author
 year Title without italics. [Degree] dissertation, school. (Publication nbr. [number].)

Crowe, Byron Dan
 2010 I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. PhD dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. (Publication nbr. AAT 3411606.)

AAA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author
 year Title without italics. [Degree] thesis, school. (Publication nbr. [number].)

Kasai, Aya
 2008 Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. MA thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

revised 10/2010