colombia Essay examples
1931 Words8 Pages
Violence in modern Colombia takes place in many forms. The three major categories are crime, guerrilla activities, and attacks committed by drug traffickers. Violence has become so widespread and common in Colombia that many people have now become numb to it. The Colombian economy has also benefited from the illicit drug trade; however violent it may be. During the 1970s, Colombia became well known, as one of the world’s most important drug processing, production, and distribution centers for marijuana and cocaine.
The shrubs and plants from which both drugs are derived from and processed has been well known in Colombia for centuries, but until the 1970s drug refiners and traffickers had not taken full advantage. The chewing of coca…show more content…
During this time, the levels of violence were lower than many European and American Countries. Colombia has gained international fame as one of the major centers in the world for drug trafficking. Anytime a country has a problem with drug trafficking, crime is always high.
In 1973, homicide was the seventh highest cause from death, but since has become the first since 1990. More than 165,000 have had a violent death between 1980 and 1990. During this decade, the homicide rate was 77.5% per 100,000 people. In comparison, the United States has been regarded as a violent country, but yet the homicide rate was only 8.0%. Contributing to this violence in Colombia is the possession of firearms. Colombians possess more than three million firearms, and more than half is possessed illegally.
This adds greatly to the crime and violence in Colombia (Posada-Carbo). It is extremely difficult to measure the magnitude, type, and location of violence in Colombia. Another problem in measuring the amount of violence is that not all violent cases are reported. It must also be noted that any media report of violence must also be read with caution; for it may or may not have occurred.
Violence seems to be a nationwide phenomenon. Almost all aspects of the Colombian population experience some degree of violence. Almost everybody is a potential victim; violence does not prefer a particular socioeconomic class, profession, race, or
Essay on Colombia
702 Words3 Pages
Colombia was one of the three original countries along with Ecuador and Venezuela that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. Over the last 40 years, there has been a campaign to overthrow the government partially because of the drug trades throughout Colombia. The movement does however lack support from military and support from the necessary influences. In recent years, there have been challenges for control of the territories throughout Colombia and also for the drug trade.
The economy continues to improve despite the last couple of years, by having an increased number of government budgets, increases number of efforts to reduce the public debt levels, and an export oriented growth…show more content…
Though, it was used mainly by criminals. During WWII experiments were being done with hemp, in the 1960’s is when the real takeoff with production began resulting from the demand from the United States. In the 1970’s when the United States tightened up border patrol from the U.S. and Mexico is when Colombia became the number one producer of marijuana. More then 70% of all marijuana in the U.S was coming from Colombia in the 1980’s. More than 30,000 farmers made a living growing and selling marijuana while over another 50,000 Colombians made a living by picking, transporting and guarding the marijuana. The sell and growth of marijuana was a new wealth for the population, providing income and economic stability. As a result of Colombians growing marijuana, there became a decrease in local food production which raised the cost of food. Before long, the mafia bought all the airlines, hotels, banks and casinos to use for laundering illicit profits. In the 1960’s, cocaine smuggling networks were coming together. The drugs were being carried by individuals or “mules” a few kilograms at a time using the commercial airlines. As the demand for cocaine increased in the U.S., Colombians had to start refining cocain in kitchen laboratories. As other countries continued to chase after “chemist” and prosecute them, the Colombian government did not have any drug enforcement, which led other “chemist” to Colombia.