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Macbeth Act 3 Scene 5 Analysis Essay


Please see the bottom of the page for full explanatory notes and helpful resources.

[A banquet prepared. Enter MACBETH, LADY MACBETH, ROSS, LENNOX, Lords, and Attendants ]
[Thunder. Enter the three Witches meeting HECATE]
First WitchWhy, how now, Hecate! you look angerly.
HECATEHave I not reason, beldams as you are,
Saucy and overbold? How did you dare
To trade and traffic with Macbeth
In riddles and affairs of death;
And I, the mistress of your charms,
The close contriver of all harms,
Was never call'd to bear my part,
Or show the glory of our art?
And, which is worse, all you have done10
Hath been but for a wayward son,
Spiteful and wrathful, who, as others do,
Loves for his own ends, not for you.
But make amends now: get you gone,
And at the pit of Acheron
Meet me i' the morning: thither he
Will come to know his destiny:
Your vessels and your spells provide,
Your charms and every thing beside.
I am for the air; this night I'll spend20
Unto a dismal and a fatal end:
Great business must be wrought ere noon:
Upon the corner of the moon
There hangs a vaporous drop profound;
I'll catch it ere it come to ground:
And that distill'd by magic sleights
Shall raise such artificial sprites
As by the strength of their illusion
Shall draw him on to his confusion:
He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear30
He hopes 'bove wisdom, grace and fear:
And you all know, security
Is mortals' chiefest enemy.
[ Music and a song within: 'Come away, come away,' &c ]
Hark! I am call'd; my little spirit, see,
Sits in a foggy cloud, and stays for me.
First WitchCome, let's make haste; she'll soon be back again.

Next: Macbeth, Act 3, Scene 6

Explanatory Notes for Act 3, Scene 5
From Macbeth. Ed. Thomas Marc Parrott. New York: American Book Co.
(Line numbers have been altered.)

As this scene is now generally considered un-Shakespearean we need not dwell upon it. The part of Hecate is wholly omitted from some modern representations, and there can be no doubt that the play gains in effectiveness by this excision. Were it not for the fact that Hecate reappears in iv. i. we might even in reading simply pass over this scene.

2. bedlams, hags.

7. close contriver, secret plotter.

13. Loves for his own ends, follows you for his own purposes.

15. the pit of Acheron, In classical mythology Acheron is one of the rivers of Hades. The "pit" may be taken here as meaning some dark ravine, or cave, supposed to lead down to the lower world.

20. I am for th' air, I must fly up.

24. profound, ready to fall.

26. sleights, devices.

27. artificial sprites, spirits called up, made visible, by magic art.

32. security, confidence.

34. my little spirit, my familiar demon.

35. a song.

How to cite the explanatory notes:
Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. Ed. Thomas Marc Parrott. New York: American Book Co., 1904. Shakespeare Online. 10 Aug. 2010. < >.

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Did You Know? ... Hecate, daughter of Perses and Asteria, was a magician who raised a temple to Diana in which she performed human sacrifice. Medea and Circe are her children. Note that her name is disyllabic in the play (you do not pronounce the final 'e'). Hecate's offerings are her ritual sacrifices. More on Hecate...


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Romeo and Juliet Act 3 Scene 5 Analysis

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?Academic Essay Comment on Shakespeare’s stagecraft in Act 3 Scene 5 of ‘Romeo and Juliet’. William Shakespeare, the celebrated playwright, wrote many famous plays. Yet few are as renowned as his ‘Romeo and Juliet’, the tragic love story about two star-crossed lovers from feuding families, denied their chance to be together and died rather than be apart. Act 3 Scene 5 is a crucial scene in the play, one with the most dramatic tension and the turning point of the story where things take a turn for the worse for the two lovers.

In this essay we will discuss how Shakespeare has used stagecraft in Act 3 Scene 5 to make it thrilling. This scene is full of dramatic tension, as the lovers had a lingering parting, even though they know that Romeo is in danger of being caught by the other Capulet’s and killed as he was already banished the night before, and is not supposed to be in Verona. Juliet foreshadows Romeo’s death as she watches him descend: “Juliet: Oh God, I have an ill divining soul! / Methinks I see thee now, thou art so low, / as one dead in the bottom of a tomb. Either my eyesight fails, or thou look’st pale. ” 1 She also foreshadows her own death while pleading her mother for help after the argument with Lord Capulet: “Juliet: Delay this marriage for a month, a week, / Or if you do not, make the bridal bed / In that dim monument where Tybalt lies. ” 2 Shakespeare has also used a lot of dramatic irony in the play – especially in this scene, where Lady Capulet announces to Juliet that she will marry Count Paris in a few days when she was already married to Romeo in secret.

It adds suspense to a scene as the audience knows what the characters do not know, and also hints towards what will happen next. Lord Capulet’s behaviour adds to the action in the scene. His sudden change of tone from consoling to enraged makes the scene exciting. “Capulet: How now, a conduit, girl? What, still in tears? / Evermore show’ring? ” 3 “Capulet: How how, how how, chopt-logic? What is this? / … And yet ‘not proud’, mistress minion you? / …Out, you green-sickness carrion! Out, you baggage! / You tallow-face! ” 4 The words Capulet used against Juliet are very spiteful.

He called her “mistress minion” (spoiled brat), “green-sickness carrion! ” (pale-faced rotting meat), “baggage” (worthless), “tallow-face” (sickly), and even calls her a “curse” and “hilding” (useless). Capulet believed he was doing what was right for Juliet, and was enraged to find that she did not wish to marry Paris after all the trouble he had to find her a worthy husband. This scene shows Capulet’s demand for control over Juliet as he threatened to disown her if she did not marry Paris and even claimed that she was in his possession. Capulet: But and you will not wed, I’ll pardon you: / Graze where you will, you shall not house with me. ” 5 “Capulet: And you be mine, I’ll give you to my friend; / And you be not, hang, beg, starve, die in the streets. ” 6 The use of script and language was extremely important in this scene; it adds to the excitement, as shown above with Lord Capulet’s language. Here, Juliet proves her linguistic intelligence, outdoing her mother with her ambiguous language, being loyal to Romeo and at the same time fooling her mother to believe she wants to avenge Tybalt. “Lady Capulet: Evermore weeping for your cousin’s death? 7 “Juliet: Indeed I never shall be satisfied / With Romeo, will I behold him – dead – / Is my poor heart, so for a kinsman vexed. ” 8 The famous pause in this quote from Juliet separates the fact that she wants him to come back and her grief for Tybalt. To Lady Capulet, it seems like Juliet wants to see Romeo dead, and she is grieving for Tybalt, while in reality she wants to see Romeo again and is at the same time grieving for Tybalt. There are many other things Juliet says that have a double-meaning. When her mother first entered and found Juliet still weeping, Juliet asked her to let her “weep for such a feeling loss”.

Lady Capulet thought the “loss” was Tybalt, but Juliet was thinking of Romeo’s departure. Juliet requested a man to bring poison to Romeo, which she would temper. Temper, in this case, would be defined as dilute instead of mix. Romeo, upon receipt of the “poison”, would then “sleep in quiet”. The meaning of “sleep” here is literal; however, Lady Capulet interpreted it as “die”. This scene reveals that Lady Capulet is not actually a motherly figure to Juliet. In fact, the nurse is more of a mother to Juliet than Lady Capulet.

This is shown as Lady Capulet does not exactly know how to deal with Juliet9 and though she tries to calm Lord Capulet, wants nothing more to do with her daughter by the end of the scene. From this reaction to Juliet’s pleas for help, we could conclude that either Lady Capulet is a cruel, callous woman or a timid woman who is frightened of her husband and dares not disobey him. However, the former is more possible because before, Lady Capulet thinks that Juliet’s overwhelming grief shows stupidity10. Romeo is shown to be caring and considerate in this scene, instead of the moping lover from Act 1.

He tries to comfort Juliet while gently explaining to her that he must leave. However, he is very changeable as he suddenly changed his mind and decided to stay11. However, he may have been teasing Juliet. Their linguistic intelligence adds to the romance, as they are linguistically matched, and their language is beautifully linked, as shown in the sonnet they created when they first met. Many productions set Act 3 Scene 5 in Juliet’s bedroom, as it seems to be after Romeo and Juliet’s wedding night. There is supposed to be a window/balcony, as Shakespeare wrote that they were “aloft at the window” and stage directions include “he goeth down. The script itself has not many stage directions, but you can imagine that Juliet hurries Romeo to leave before he is caught, and is sorrowfully watching him go, and Capulet hits his daughter in rage when she refuses to marry Paris. These actions give each part of the scene its mood: the romantic mood before the lovers part, the tense mood when Juliet’s secret is close to being discovered by Lady Capulet, the hysterical mood in the argument between Juliet and her father and the hopeless mood when Juliet is alone again. We can conclude that setting does not contribute much to the action in this scene.

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It is mostly the stage directions and script that make it exciting and characterisation and script create the dramatic tension. Shakespeare’s use of language contributes most to the drama in the scene, creating excitement and suspense. More importantly, the audience can see how much Juliet has grown in a night, from girl to woman, maturing, defying her parents and taking matters into her own hands. She has experienced things that are beyond her years, and her maturity in this scene is what makes it the most exciting and beautiful.

Author: Brandon Johnson

in Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet Act 3 Scene 5 Analysis

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